The most important thinking process is memorization, which allows one to assimilate the volumes of necessary information. The problem is forgetting, the inability to reproduce the learned after some time.
The phenomenon was thoroughly studied by the psychologist from Germany H. Ebbinghaus. As early as 1885, after experimental studies, he derived a graph clearly representing all the laws of the process. A scienсе based on three letters and 2300 words. Words were arbitrary set, not carrying any meaning and semantic associations. In the process of research, the words were assimilated taking into account the time of memorization and the time of forgetting.
We studied the "pure memory", that is, the process of remembering, where thinking was not involved. That is why senseless syllables were used.
Ebbinghaus study results:
Based on the findings of the study, the scientist proposed an algorithm for solving the problem. The scheme is based on the repetition of the information received at certain time intervals:
The scheme allows you to quickly learn the material for a short time.
For a long memorization, the scheme is similar, but there will be more lines:
Ebbinghaus developed a number of recommendations for more successful memorization of information.
The method developed by the scientist was supplemented by the results of research by other specialists. Currently, the algorithm is actively used in various fields, for example, in the study of foreign languages (the method of interval repetition).